Succession planting is a way to harvest more fruits, vegetables, and herbs by planting different plants based on the date when they are ready to harvest. There are several ways to succession plant.
Option 1: Same vegetable planted at different times
Many vegetables produce less that we can harvest after their initial production. For example, lettuce will produce fewer new leaves after it produces its first larger leaves that we harvest.
To use this method, plant the same vegetable every 2-4 weeks during the time in the season when it can grow.
Option 2: Different vegetables planted one right after the other
This option is based on the idea that some plants have very short life spans. Once they move through their life cycle you can remove them and replace them with another plant.
For this method, pick a plant with a short growing season. Once it completes its life cycle replace it with a later season plant.
Option 3: Same vegetable, different maturity rates
Each type of vegetable has different varieties (types). The types may look slightly different and often take different lengths of time before they are ready to harvest. This method will allow you to eat different varieties of the same vegetable for a longer period of time.
For this method, pick different varieties of one crop (i.e. carrots) and plant them together.
Option 4: Paired vegetables in the same spot
This option is based on the idea that certain fruits, vegetables, and herbs grow during different times in the growing season.
For this method, plant a spring crop first and a summer crop right after or a summer crop first and a fall crop right after.